Buckminster Fuller
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Hailed as "one of the greatest minds of our times”, R. Buckminster Fuller was renowned for his comprehensive perspective on the world's problems. For more than five decades, he developed pioneering solutions that reflected his commitment to the potential of innovative design to create technology that does "more with less" and thereby improves human lives.

Fuller briefly attended Harvard, worked in a mill in Canada, served in the US Navy, and worked as an engineer (with 25 patents under his name).  In 1927, after the failure of his construction company, he was unemployed and contemplated suicide, but had a remarkable realization. Deciding that he had no right to end his own life, he concluded that he had a responsibility to use his experiences and intellect in the service of others.

One of Fuller's lifelong interests was using technology to revolutionize construction and improve human housing. In 1927, after inventing an easily built, air-delivered, modular apartment building, he designed an inexpensive, mass-produced home that could be airlifted to its location, called the Dymaxion House. The word Dymaxion became synonymous with his design philosophy of "doing more with less," a phrase he later coined to reflect his growing recognition of the accelerating global trend toward the development of more efficient technology.

After 1947, one invention dominated Fuller's life and career: the geodesic dome. Based on Fuller's "synergetic geometry," his lifelong exploration of nature's principles of design, the geodesic dome was the result of his revolutionary discoveries about balancing compression and tension forces in building. In the early 1950's, he coined the now familiar phrase "spaceship earth" to describe the integral nature of Earth's "living system". Beginning in the late 1960s, Fuller was especially involved in creating World Game, a large-scale simulation and series of workshops he designed that used a large-scale Dymaxion Map to help humanity better understand, benefit from, and more efficiently utilize the world's resources.

He was the author of nearly 30 books, and spent much of his life traveling the world lecturing and discussing his ideas with thousands of audiences. Fuller was recognized with many major architectural, scientific, industrial, and design awards, both in the United States and abroad, and he received 47 honorary doctorate degrees.

In 1983, shortly before his death, he received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor, with a citation acknowledging that his "contributions as a geometrician, educator, and architect-designer are benchmarks of accomplishment in their fields." After Fuller’s death, when chemists discovered that the atoms of a recently discovered carbon molecule were arrayed in a structure similar to a geodesic dome, they named the molecule "buckminsterfullerene."

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