Caroline Patricia Lucas is a British politician. Lucas is the leader of the Green Party of England and Wales, and the Green Party's first and only Member of Parliament (MP) in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. Lucas was formerly a Member of the European Parliament for the South East England region.

Lucas began her career as an activist in the anti-nuclear movement with the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND). She was heavily involved in the Snowball Campaign against US military bases in the UK.  She is noted for campaigning and writing on green economics, localization, alternatives to globalization, trade justice, animal welfare and food. In her time as a politician and activist, she has worked with numerous NGOs and think-tanks, developmental NGO Oxfam and the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.

In July 2008, Lucas joined the Green New Deal Group, an alliance of experts in finance, energy, and the environment. The group put forward plans to invest in green energy, provide greater regulation of the finance sector, and strengthen ties between environmentalists, industry, agriculture, and trade unions. The proposals were put forth in response to fears over the recession, climate change, and increasing energy prices, and stressed the need for integrative policies towards tackling all three.

Currently, Lucas  is vice-president of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) and the Stop the War Coalition and has been on the National Council of CND since 2004. She has been an Advisory Board Member to the International Forum on Globalization, the Centre for a Social Europe and the Protect the Local, Globally think-tank. She has been a Trustee of the Radiation Research Trust and Patron of the Joliba Trust (Africa). She is Matron of the Women's Environmental Network.

Lucas has won the award for Politician of the Year in The Observer Newspaper Ethical Awards three times. The award is voted for by Observer readers, who chose her to win in 2007, 2009 and 2010.  In April 2010 Lucas won Best UK Politician in The Independent Green Awards and in September 2011 she was awarded "MP of the Year" in the Women in Public Life Awards 2011.

Lucas has become a prolific writer of reports, articles and books on the subjects of trade justice, localization, globalization, animal welfare, and food. She is critical of free trade, a Single European Currency, trade-led developmental policies, genetically modified (GM) food and a lack of attention to environmental and social issues. Her most notable work is Green Alternatives to Globalization: A Manifesto (2004, co-authored with Mike Woodin), which advocates localization of economies based on minimal trade and greater social and environmental concern, in opposition to neo-liberal, market-led forces of globalization.

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