Dr. Robert Costanza is currently Distinguished University Professor of Sustainability at the Institute for Sustainable Solutions, Portland State University. He is the Founding Director of the Gund Institute and the former Gund Professor of Ecological Economics at the University of Vermont.

Prior to moving to Vermont in August 2002, he was director of the University of Maryland Institute for Ecological Economics and a professor in the Center for Environmental Science, at Solomons, and in the Biology Department at College Park.

Dr. Costanza received his Ph.D. from the University of Florida in 1979 in systems ecology, with a minor in economics. He also has a Master's degree in Architecture and Urban and Regional Planning from the University of Florida.

Dr. Costanza is co-founder and past-president of the International Society for Ecological Economics (ISEE) and was chief editor of the Society's journal: Ecological Economics from its inception until 9/02. He currently serves on the editorial board of eight other international academic journals. He is past president of the International Society for Ecosystem Health.

In 1982, he was selected as a Kellogg National Fellow; in 1992, he was awarded the Society for Conservation Biology Distinguished Achievement Award; and in 1993 he was selected as a Pew Scholar in Conservation and the Environment. In 1998, he was awarded the Kenneth Boulding Memorial Award for Outstanding Contributions in Ecological Economics.

In 2000, he received an honorary doctorate in natural sciences from Stockholm University. He has served on the Scientific Steering Committee for the LOICZ and AIMES core project of the IGBP; the US EPA National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology (NACEPT); the National Research Council Board on Sustainable Development, Committee on Global Change Research; the National Research Council, Board on Global Change; the US National Committee for the Man and the Biosphere Program; and the National Marine Fisheries Service Committee on Ecosystem Principles.

Dr. Costanza's research has focused on the interface between ecological and economic systems, particularly at larger temporal and spatial scales. This includes landscape level spatial simulation modeling; analysis of energy and material flows through economic and ecological systems; valuation of ecosystem services, biodiversity, and natural capital; and analysis of dysfunctional incentive systems and ways to correct them. He is the author or co-author of over 300 scientific papers.

His work has been cited in more than 3,000 scientific articles since 1987 and more than 80 interviews and reports on his work have appeared in various media, including Newsweek, US News and World Report, The Economist, The New York Times, Science, Nature, National Geographic, and National Public Radio.

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