Serge Latouche holds degrees in political science, philosophy and economics. He is Emeritus Professor of economy at Paris-Sud University, and at the Jean Monnet Law, Economy and Management Faculty. He is considered to be a specialist in North-South economic and cultural relations, and in social sciences epistemology.

A historical contributor to the MAUSS's journal (Anti-Utilitarist Movement in Social Sciences), he is the director of the Research Cell in Anthropology, Epistemology and Economy of Poverty (GRAEEP). He has developed a critical theory of economic orthodoxy. Specifically, he condemns economism, utilitarianism in social sciences and the notion of development. He is particularly critical of efficiency and economic rationale, and also keenly criticizes the notion of sustainable development, which he believes is an idiotic hoax, because "to survive, or last, we have to organize degrowth."

He is one of the thinkers and most renowned proponents of the degrowth theory, and aims to conceptualize post-development in a "generalized and organized campaign on a worldwide scale against our lifestyle, which has become untenable." According to Serge Latouche, we have to find comfort in informal anti-development as an economic form capable of constituting a true alternative to "liberal-productivism".

He is the author of a number of books, including Faut-il refuser le développement: Essai sur l'anti-économique du Tiers-monde (1986); La planète des naufragés: Essai sur l'après-développement (1991); In the Wake of the Affluent Society: An Exploration of Post-Development (1993); The Westernization of the World: Significance, Scope and Limits of the Drive Towards Global Uniformity (1996); and Petit traité de la décroissance sereine (2007) among others.

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